In 1993, Harold Bloom published a survey of indigenous American religions, acting this time as a religious critic, not as a literary critic, his normal occupation. His subject was the common denominator between Christian Science, Mormonism, Southern Baptistism, Seventh Day Adventism, Pentecostalism and others.
His conclusion was that these religions are gnostic and fundamentally incompatible with Christianity and Judaism. Gnosticism is a religious orientation advocating gnosis, a form of mystical enlightenment, as the way to release a person’s spiritual element. It is considered a heresy by Christian churches.
For Bloom, the American religion is defined as follows:
The American finds God in herself or himself only after finding the freedom to know God by experiencing a total inward solitude. In this solitary freedom, the American is liberated both from other selves and from the created world. He comes to recognize that his spirit is itself uncreated. Knowing that he is the equal of God, the American Religionist can then achieve his true desideratum, mystical communion with his friend, the godhead.
Bloom, quotes Emerson:
It is by yourself, without ambassador, that God speaks to you.