The plot was the culmination of the efforts by several groups to overthrow the Nazi government. Their failure led to the arrest of at least 7,000 people by the Gestapo. Nearly 5,000 were executed. Among them was the man who had placed the bomb, Claus von Stauffenberg, to whom the Polish President Bronisław Komorowski paid tribute last week.
For this the daily Super Echo criticized him on July 13:
“If Berlin says that Stauffenberg was a hero, President Komorowski clicks his heels. … Sorry for putting it so bluntly. But this officer who Komorowski has now discovered as a ‘hero’ only wanted to kill Hitler to preserve the German dominance in Europe that at the time still ended at the Vistula….
“Then he was planning to conclude a truce in the east with Stalin to fix these borders and preserve the division of Poland. If the plot had been successful, Poland wouldn’t even exist….
“The historian Komorowski must have dozed off during his seminars on 20th century Europe.”